Objects
Negative: Cheder. European Jews
Negative: Cheder. European Jews
Title
Negative: Cheder
Ethnic groups
European Jews
Territory
Southwestern Krai
Date
1912-1914s
Collectors-person
Photographer
Yudovin S. B.
Material
Dimensions
13 x 18
Corpus
Photo Collections of REM
Number
РЭМ 12588-53
Annotation
Jewish ethnographic expedition of S. A. An-sky. Cheder is a religious elementary school for boys 3-5 to 13 years old. A cheder differed from a Talmud Torah (a school for children of poor families) in that its “melamed” (teacher) was paid by the children’s parents. In many shtetls, the cheder was arranged in an ordinary home, in a room with a desk. The ABC book used at school was a siddur (prayer book), its editions often containing a page with letters and syllables printed in large type. Hebrew was studied with the aid of sacred books (Tanah and Talmud); children read the texts after the teacher. Having finished cheder, some teenagers continued to study the Talmud at the beth midrash, and some entered higher religious schools (yeshivas).
Ethnical annotation
"חדר". הקצה הדרום-מערבי. יהודים אירופאים. המשלחת האתנוגרפית היהודית של ס'.א'. אנ-סקי צלם - יודובין ס'.ב'. 1912-1914. נגטיב. "חדר" הוא בית ספר דתי יסודי לבנים בגילאי 3-5 עד 13. ההבדל בין "חדר" ל"תלמוד תורה" (בתי הספר לילדים ממשפחות עניות) היה בכך שה"מלמד" (מורה) ב"חדר" קיבל תשלום מהוריהם של הילדים.