Jewish ethnographic expedition of S. A. An-sky.
In the background is a stone synagogue and “yeshiva” (Jewish religious higher educational institution).
“… In the center of the city there is a wide half-circle, or perhaps it is a square, where you find the stores, butcher shops, market stands, stalls and tables. There every morning lots of peasants from the surrounding countryside congregate with their produce – fish and onions, horseradish, parsnips and other vegetables. They sell these things and buy from the Jews other necessities of life, and from this the Jews draw their livelihood. A meager one, but better than nothing” (Sholem-Aleichem, The Town of the Little People, 1901)