Objects
Women's dress. Turkmen
Women's dress. Turkmen
Title
Women's dress
Ethnic groups
Turkmen
Territory
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, Tashauzskaya Oblast, Kunya-Urgench district, collective farm Chapayev, named after
Date
1950-1951
Collectors-person
Knorozov Yuri V.
Rubrics
Costume, Costume, women's
Material
Cloth: satin; cloth: calico; threads: plant fiber: cotton; threads: animal: silk
Dimensions
length 132.0; width in shoulders 52.0; width of hem 99.0; length of sleeves 62.0; length of cut 36.0
Number
РЭМ 6620-2
Annotation
The “koynek” is made of red machine-made sateen on a sewing machine. The vertical slit is decorated in its lower part with “gurtykin” (tightly sewn) dense figured hand embroidery with threads of white, yellow, and red silk by flat loop stitching. “Ok gezi” element of the pattern (arrow shaft base, literally “arrow eye”). “A new simplified general-Turkmen ornament” (Comment of Yu. V. Knorozov). Embroidered by Bazargul Khalnazarova, age 23, laborer of Chapayev Collective Farm, Turkmen of the Ak Salah branch of the Yamoud tribe. Such dress was an everyday one, worn by girls and women under 40. The cut of the dress, the length and width ratio, and arrangement of important decorative elements on the neck and chest slit indicate a stable tradition of making clothes for the Turkmen women in the mid-20th century. The red color of the dress, and the style of embroidery on the neck and slit have the meaning of well-wishing and guarding.